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Article
Subjectivity and Bias in Forensic DNA Mixture Interpretation
Science & Justice
  • Itiel E. Dror, University College London (UCL)
  • Greg Hampikian, Boise State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
12-1-2011
Disciplines
Abstract
The objectivity of forensic science decision making has received increased attention and scrutiny. However, there are only a few published studies experimentally addressing the potential for contextual bias. Because of the esteem of DNA evidence, it is important to study and assess the impact of subjectivity and bias on DNA mixture interpretation. The study reported here presents empirical data suggesting that DNA mixture interpretation is subjective. When 17 North American expert DNA examiners were asked for their interpretation of data from an adjudicated criminal case in that jurisdiction, they produced inconsistent interpretations. Furthermore, the majority of 'context free' experts disagreed with the laboratory's pre-trial conclusions, suggesting that the extraneous context of the criminal case may have influenced the interpretation of the DNA evidence, thereby showing a biasing effect of contextual information in DNA mixture interpretation.
Citation Information
Itiel E. Dror and Greg Hampikian. "Subjectivity and Bias in Forensic DNA Mixture Interpretation" Science & Justice (2011)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/greg_hampikian/12/