Skip to main content
Independent Legal Significance, Good Faith, and the Interpretation of Venture Capital Contracts
Willamette Law Review
  • D. Gordon Smith
Publication Date
  • Independent legal significance,
  • good faith,
  • venture capital,
  • Delaware corporate law
Document Type

Venture capital contracts are inherently incomplete. When interpreting such contracts, courts could deal with the expectations of parties formally by inquiring only about the plain meaning of the contract or qualitatively by enforcing the presumed expectations of the parties, regardless of whether those expectations are expressed in the contract. The Delaware courts have opted for a formal approach. In doing so, they appear to be engaged in an effort to force contracting parties toward completeness. While the duty of good faith appears to respond to the inevitable incompleteness of contracts, the courts largely ignore this duty in preferred stock cases. This omission, coupled with the doctrine of independent legal significance - which treats charter amendments via merger separately from charter amendments via board and stockholder approval - virtually ensures that preferred stockholders will be subject to opportunistic behavior by common stockholders. Whether courts should respond to claims of injustice in this context depends on comparative institutional analysis. Just because market contracting produces incomplete contracts does not mean that courts should be obligated to fill such contracts. On the other hand, this Article suggests that the application of the duty of good faith in this context might provide valuable incentives to renegotiate when unexpected circumstances arise.

General Notes
For β€œA Venture Capital after the Bubble”, sponsored by Willamette University College of Law, Portland, Oregon on March 5, 2004.
Citation Information
D. Gordon Smith, 𝘐𝘯π˜₯𝘦𝘱𝘦𝘯π˜₯𝘦𝘯𝘡 π˜“π˜¦π˜¨π˜’π˜­ 𝘚π˜ͺ𝘨𝘯π˜ͺ𝘧π˜ͺ𝘀𝘒𝘯𝘀𝘦, 𝘎𝘰𝘰π˜₯ 𝘍𝘒π˜ͺ𝘡𝘩, 𝘒𝘯π˜₯ 𝘡𝘩𝘦 𝘐𝘯𝘡𝘦𝘳𝘱𝘳𝘦𝘡𝘒𝘡π˜ͺ𝘰𝘯 𝘰𝘧 𝘝𝘦𝘯𝘡𝘢𝘳𝘦 𝘊𝘒𝘱π˜ͺ𝘡𝘒𝘭 𝘊𝘰𝘯𝘡𝘳𝘒𝘀𝘡𝘴, 40 WΙͺΚŸΚŸα΄€α΄α΄‡α΄›α΄›α΄‡ L. Rᴇᴠ. 825 (2004).