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Cadmium, Copper, Iron, and Zinc Concentrations in Kidneys of Grey Wolves, Canis lupus, from Alaska, Idaho, Montana (USA) and the Northwest Territories (Canada)
Bulletin Environmental Contamination and Toxicology (2010)
  • Given Harper
Abstract
Cadmium, copper, iron, and zinc levels were measured the kidneys of 115 grey wolves (Canis lupus) from Idaho, Montana and Alaska (United States), and from the Northwest Territories (Canada). No significant differences in the levels of iron or copper were observed between locations, but wolf kidneys from more northern locations had significantly higher cadmium levels (Alaska > Northwest Territories > Montana ≈ Idaho), and wolves from Alaska showed significantly higher zinc than other locations. Additionally, female wolves in Alaska had higher iron levels than males, and adult wolves in Montana had higher copper levels than subadults.
Keywords
  • Grey wolf,
  • Canis lupus,
  • Heavy metals
Disciplines
Publication Date
2010
DOI
DOI 10.1007/s00128-010-0126-6
Publisher Statement
Bulletin Environmental Contamination and Toxicology is published by Springer.
Citation Information
Given Harper. "Cadmium, Copper, Iron, and Zinc Concentrations in Kidneys of Grey Wolves, Canis lupus, from Alaska, Idaho, Montana (USA) and the Northwest Territories (Canada)" Bulletin Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Vol. 85 (2010) p. 481 - 485 ISSN: 0007-4861
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/given_harper/16/