Parochial Altruists or Ideologues? An Agent Based Model of Commitment to Self SacrificeJournal of Terrorism Research (2015)
What motivates suicide attackers remains an open question. From an evolutionary perspective, commitment to suicide missions is puzzling since such behavior is fitness reducing. We model suicide terrorism by drawing on two fundamental human motivations: altruism and selfishness. Martyrdom can be viewed as altruistic- benefiting group members at a cost to oneself, as well asselfish- ideological belief in a profitable afterlife. Our simulations identify that some degree of both behaviors are essential in order to facilitate a commitment to sacrifice. Thus, manipulations of ideology and altruism can tip the threshold and set the agents on the path of martyrdom.
Citation InformationGiti Zahedzadeh. "Parochial Altruists or Ideologues? An Agent Based Model of Commitment to Self Sacrifice" Journal of Terrorism Research (2015)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/giti-zahedzadeh/2/