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Presentation
GMO vs. Non-GMO: Comparing the Addictiveness of Corn in Rats
The Research and Scholarship Symposium
  • Christian A. Carroll, Cedarville University
  • Sara L. Hill, Cedarville University
  • Kelly A. Huston, Cedarville University
  • Tyler Michael, Cedarville University
  • Courtney Noll, Cedarville University
  • Melissa J. Beck, Cedarville University
  • Ginger D. Cameron, Cedarville University
Type of Submission
Poster
Keywords
  • GMO,
  • genetically modified organism,
  • genetically modified corn,
  • non-GMO,
  • non-genetically modified organism,
  • corn,
  • addiction,
  • addictiveness,
  • rat,
  • rat study
Abstract

Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) refer to organisms whose DNA has been altered to produce a certain characteristic. GMOs account for a significant proportion of the crops produced in the United States. Specifically, GMO corn accounted for approximately 88% of all corn grown for human and animal consumption in the year 2012. Previously conducted studies have not uniformly demonstrated the safe use of GMO corn, and no studies have been conducted to analyze the addictiveness of GMO corn.

The idea of addiction refers to more than just a physical dependence, but to a psychological dependence on something as well. Addiction is sometimes accompanied by compulsive, uncontrollable behaviors that can interfere with other activities and which increase in intensity as there is an increase in access to the substance. Because food addiction is implicated in the prevalence of obesity and its associated pathologies, identifying addictiveness in GMO products may lead to changes in crop production, food production, and use.

This study will compare the addictive behaviors of rats who are fed GMO corn. The rats will be randomly divided into three groups. Each group will be fed a diet containing a portion of corn consisting of 0%, 50%, or 100% GMO corn, respectively, for 28 days. After the 28 day treatment period, the rats will be fed a corn-free diet for 10 days. The assessments will include both cage food consumption and body weight measurements taken during both the treatment and withdrawal periods, and behavioral symptoms observed in an open field test during the withdrawal period. The presence of withdrawal indicators will be scored for each rat. The scores will then be compared between the groups using a repeated measures ANOVA test.

Faculty Sponsor or Advisor’s Name
Dr. Melissa Beck, Dr. Ginger Cameron
Campus Venue
Stevens Student Center
Location
Cedarville, OH
Start Date
4-1-2015 11:00 AM
End Date
4-1-2015 2:00 PM
Creative Commons License
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0
Citation Information
Christian A. Carroll, Sara L. Hill, Kelly A. Huston, Tyler Michael, et al.. "GMO vs. Non-GMO: Comparing the Addictiveness of Corn in Rats" (2015)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/ginger_cameron/11/