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Article
Dysfunctional error-related processing in incarcerated youth with elevated psychopathic traits
University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications
  • J. Michael Maurer, University of New Mexico
  • Vaughn R. Steele, University of New Mexico
  • Lora M. Cope, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor
  • Gina M. Vincent, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Julia M. Stephen, The Mind Research Network
  • Vince D. Calhoun, University of New Mexico
  • Kent A. Kiehl, University of New Mexico
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, Systems and Psychosocial Advances Research Center
Date
6-1-2016
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Adult psychopathic offenders show an increased propensity towards violence, impulsivity, and recidivism. A subsample of youth with elevated psychopathic traits represent a particularly severe subgroup characterized by extreme behavioral problems and comparable neurocognitive deficits as their adult counterparts, including perseveration deficits. Here, we investigate response-locked event-related potential (ERP) components (the error-related negativity [ERN/Ne] related to early error-monitoring processing and the error-related positivity [Pe] involved in later error-related processing) in a sample of incarcerated juvenile male offenders (n=100) who performed a response inhibition Go/NoGo task. Psychopathic traits were assessed using the Hare Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL:YV). The ERN/Ne and Pe were analyzed with classic windowed ERP components and principal component analysis (PCA). Using linear regression analyses, PCL:YV scores were unrelated to the ERN/Ne, but were negatively related to Pe mean amplitude. Specifically, the PCL:YV Facet 4 subscale reflecting antisocial traits emerged as a significant predictor of reduced amplitude of a subcomponent underlying the Pe identified with PCA. This is the first evidence to suggest a negative relationship between adolescent psychopathy scores and Pe mean amplitude.
Rights and Permissions
Citation: Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2016 Jun;19:70-7. doi: 10.1016/j.dcn.2016.02.006. Epub 2016 Feb 22. Link to article on publisher's site
Related Resources
Link to Article in PubMed
Keywords
  • Error-related processing,
  • Event-related potentials,
  • Juvenile delinquency,
  • Principal component analysis,
  • Psychopathy
PubMed ID
26930170
Creative Commons License
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0
Citation Information
J. Michael Maurer, Vaughn R. Steele, Lora M. Cope, Gina M. Vincent, et al.. "Dysfunctional error-related processing in incarcerated youth with elevated psychopathic traits" Vol. 19 (2016) ISSN: 1878-9293 (Linking)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/gina_vincent/47/