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Neuroprediction of future rearrest
University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications
  • Eyal Aharoni, Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute
  • Gina M. Vincent, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Carla L. Harenski, Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute
  • Vince D. Calhoun, Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute
  • Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Duke University
  • Michael S. Gazzaniga, University of California - Santa Barbara
  • Kent A. Kiehl, Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry
Publication Date
Document Type
Adult; Antisocial Personality Disorder; Brain; Crime; Criminal Law; Criminals; Hemodynamics; Humans; Image Processing, Computer-Assisted; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Middle Aged; Models, Neurological; Neurology; Proportional Hazards Models; Regression Analysis; Risk Assessment; Risk Factors; Young Adult

Identification of factors that predict recurrent antisocial behavior is integral to the social sciences, criminal justice procedures, and the effective treatment of high-risk individuals. Here we show that error-related brain activity elicited during performance of an inhibitory task prospectively predicted subsequent rearrest among adult offenders within 4 y of release (N = 96). The odds that an offender with relatively low anterior cingulate activity would be rearrested were approximately double that of an offender with high activity in this region, holding constant other observed risk factors. These results suggest a potential neurocognitive biomarker for persistent antisocial behavior.

  • impulsivit,
  • recidivism,
  • risk assessment
DOI of Published Version
Aharoni E, Vincent GM, Harenski CL, Calhoun VD, Sinnott-Armstrong W, Gazzaniga MS, Kiehl KA. Neuroprediction of future rearrest. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Apr 9;110(15):6223-8. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1219302110. Link to article on publisher's site
Related Resources
Link to Article in PubMed
PubMed ID
Citation Information
Eyal Aharoni, Gina M. Vincent, Carla L. Harenski, Vince D. Calhoun, et al.. "Neuroprediction of future rearrest" Vol. 110 Iss. 15 (2013) ISSN: 0027-8424 (Linking)
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