Skip to main content
Article
Intellectual Property Rights and the Ascent of Proprietary Innovation in Agriculture
CARD Working Papers
  • Matthew S. Clancy, United States Department of Agriculture
  • GianCarlo Moschini, Iowa State University
Publication Date
1-1-2017
Series Number
17-WP 572
Abstract
Biological innovations in agriculture did not enjoy protection by formal intellectual property rights (IPRs) for a long time, but the recent trend has been one of considerable broadening and strengthening of these rights. We document the nature of these IPRs and their evolution, and provide an assessment of their impacts on innovation. We integrate elements of the institutional history of plant IPRs with a discussion of the relevant economic theory and a review of applicable empirical evidence. Throughout, we highlight how the experience of biological innovation mirrors, or differs from, the broader literature on IPRs and innovation. We conclude with some considerations on the relation between IPRs and market structure and the pricing of proprietary inputs in agriculture
Publication Information

This working paper was published as: Clancy MS, Moschini G. 2017. Intellectual Property Rights and the Ascent of Proprietary Innovation in Agriculture. Annual Review of Resource Economics, volume 9. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-resource100516-053524.

Citation Information
Clancy MS, Moschini G. 2017. Intellectual Property Rights and the Ascent of Proprietary Innovation in Agriculture. Annual Review of Resource Economics, volume 9. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-resource100516-053524.