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Framing the Choice between Cash and Courthouse: Experiences with the 9/11 Victim Compensation Fund
Law and Society Review (2008)
  • Gillian K Hadfield, University of Southern California Law

In this paper I report the results of a quantitative and qualitative empirical study of how those who were injured or lost a family member in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks evaluated the tradeoff between a cash payment--available through the Victim Compensation Fund--and the pursuit of litigation. Responses make it clear that potential plaintiffs saw much more at stake than monetary compensation and that the choice to forego litigation required the sacrifice of important non-monetary, civic, values: obtaining and publicizing information about what happened, prompting public findings of accountability for those responsible, and participating in the process of ensuring that there would be responsive change to what was learned about how the attacks and deaths happened. The results shed light on the framing component of the transformation of disputes, and in particular on how potential litigants see the decision to sue, or not, as a decision as much or more about how they understand their relationship to their community and their responsibilities as a citizen as how they evaluate monetary considerations.

  • September 11,
  • 9/11,
  • settlement,
  • ADR,
  • tort reform,
  • particpatory democracy,
  • civil litigation
Publication Date
Fall September, 2008
Publisher Statement
The definitive published version is available at
Citation Information
Gillian K Hadfield. "Framing the Choice between Cash and Courthouse: Experiences with the 9/11 Victim Compensation Fund" Law and Society Review Vol. 42 Iss. 3 (2008)
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