Best-practice pain management in the emergency department: A cluster-randomised, controlled, intervention trialEmergency Medicine Australasia
Date of this Version11-24-2015
Document TypeJournal Article
AbstractObjectives We aimed to provide ‘adequate analgesia’ (which decreases the pain score by ≥2 and to <4 >[0–10 scale]) and determine the effect on patient satisfaction. Methods We undertook a multicentre, cluster-randomised, controlled, intervention trial in nine EDs. Patients with moderate pain (pain score of ≥4) were eligible for inclusion. The intervention was a range of educational activities to encourage staff to provide ‘adequate analgesia’. It was introduced into five early intervention EDs between the 0 and 6 months time points and at four late intervention EDs between 3 and 6 months. At 0, 3 and 6 months, data were collected on demographics, pain scores, analgesia provided and pain management satisfaction 48 h post-discharge (6 point scale). Results Overall, 1317 patients were enrolled. Logistic regression (controlling for site and other confounders) indicated that, between 0 and 3 months, satisfaction increased significantly at the early intervention EDs (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.5 to 3.4 [P < 0.01]) but was stable at the control EDs (OR 0.8, 95% CI 0.5 to 1.3 [P = 0.35]). Pooling of data from all sites indicated that the proportion of patients very satisfied with their pain management increased from 42.9% immediately pre-intervention to 53.9% after 3 months of intervention (difference in proportions 11.0%, 95% CI 4.2 to 17.8 [P = 0.001]). Logistic regression of all data indicated that ‘adequate analgesia’ was significantly associated with patient satisfaction (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1 to 1.8 [P < 0.01]). Conclusions The ‘adequate analgesia’ intervention significantly improved patient satisfaction. It provides a simple and efficient target in the pursuit of best-practice ED pain management.
Citation InformationDavid McD Taylor, Daniel M Fatovich, Daniel P Finucci, Jeremy Furyk, et al.. "Best-practice pain management in the emergency department: A cluster-randomised, controlled, intervention trial" Emergency Medicine Australasia Vol. 27 Iss. 6 (2015) p. 549 - 557 ISSN: 1742-6731
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/gerben_keijzers/29/