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EUROPEAN STARLINGS: A REVIEW OF AN INVASIVE SPECIES WITH FAR-REACHING IMPACTS
Managing Vertebrate Invasive Species
  • George M. Linz, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Wildlife Services, National Wildlife Research Center, Great Plains Field Station, Bismarck, North Dakota, USA
  • H. Jeffrey Homan, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Wildlife Services, National Wildlife Research Center, Great Plains Field Station, Bismarck, North Dakota, USA
  • Shannon M. Gaulker, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota
  • Linda B. Penry, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Wildlife Services, National Wildlife Research Center
  • William J. Bleier, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota
Date of this Version
8-1-2007
Comments
Published in: Witmer, G. W., W. C. Pitt, and K. A. Fagerstone, editors. 2007. Managing vertebrate invasive species: proceedings of an international symposium. USDA/APHIS Wildlife Services, National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA. Also available online at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/wildlife_damage/nwrc/symposia/invasive_symposium/nwrc_TOC_index.shtml
Abstract
The introduction of European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) in New York City in 1890 and 1891 resulted in their permanent establishment in North America. The successful occupation of North America (and most other continents as well) has earned the starling a nomination in the Top 100 list of ‘Worlds Worst’ invaders. Pimentel et al. (2000) estimated that starling damage to agriculture crops in the United States was $800 million yearly, based on $5/ha damage. Starlings may spread infectious diseases that sicken humans and livestock, costing nearly $800 million in health treatment costs. Lastly, starlings perhaps have contributed to the decline of native cavity-nesting birds by usurping their nesting sites. We describe the life history of starlings, their economic impact on agriculture, and their potential role as vectors in spreading diseases to livestock and humans. We recommend that the database on migratory and local movements of starlings be augmented and that improved baits and baiting strategies be developed to reduce nuisance populations.
Citation Information
George M. Linz, H. Jeffrey Homan, Shannon M. Gaulker, Linda B. Penry, et al.. "EUROPEAN STARLINGS: A REVIEW OF AN INVASIVE SPECIES WITH FAR-REACHING IMPACTS" (2007)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/george_m_linz/49/