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REDUCING BLACKBIRD-HUMAN CONFLICTS IN AGRICULTURE AND FEEDLOTS: NEW METHODS FOR AN INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT APPROACH
USDA National Wildlife Research Center - Staff Publications
  • George M. Linz, USDA-APHIS-WS, National Wildlife Research Center, Great Plains Field Station, 2110 Miriam Circle, Bismarck, North Dakota 58501
  • H. Jeffrey Homan, USDA-APHIS-WS, National Wildlife Research Center, Great Plains Field Station, 2110 Miriam Circle, Bismarck, North Dakota 58501
  • Linda B. Penry, USDA-APHIS-WS, National Wildlife Research Center, Great Plains Field Station, 2110 Miriam Circle, Bismarck, North Dakota 58501
  • Philip Mastrangelo, USDA-APHIS North DakotaISouth Dakota Wildlife Services, 2110 Miriam Circle, Bismarck, North Dakota 58501
Date of this Version
11-18-2003
Abstract

In the United States, blackbirds are abundant and widely distributed. with their winter populations estimated to be between 500 million and 1 billion. Annual damage to grain, fruit, and berry crops from blackbirds exceeds $100 million in direct costs. Additional costs, not estimated, include those spent to prevent human health and safety hazards and those from damage abatement efforts. The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Wildlife Services (WS) is charged with reducing the magnitude of health. safety, nuisance, agriculture, and feedlot/dairy problems caused by these birds. WS' goal is to improve profitability to agricultural producers, enhance the human health and safety, and protect the environment through the development of new or improved management strategies. In this paper, we outline WS research and operational needs to resolve the health, safety, nuisance, and agricultural problems caused by blackbirds. We also discuss needs and actions to protect desirable migratory birds from the negative impacts of blackbirds.

Citation Information
George M. Linz, H. Jeffrey Homan, Linda B. Penry and Philip Mastrangelo. "REDUCING BLACKBIRD-HUMAN CONFLICTS IN AGRICULTURE AND FEEDLOTS: NEW METHODS FOR AN INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT APPROACH" (2003)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/george_m_linz/25/