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Aqueous-Phase Reforming of Ethylene Glycol Over Supported Platinum Catalysts
Catalysis Letters (2003)
  • George W Huber, University of Massachusetts - Amherst
  • J W Shabaker
  • R. R Davda
  • R. D Cortright
  • J. A Dumesic

Aqueous-phase reforming of 10 wt% ethylene glycol solutions was studied at temperatures of 483 and 498 K over Pt-black and Pt supported on TiO2, Al2O3, carbon, SiO2, SiO2-Al2O3, ZrO2, CeO2, and ZnO. High activity for the production of H2 by aqueous-phase reforming was observed over Pt-black and over Pt supported on TiO2, carbon, and Al2O3 (i.e., turnover frequencies near 8-15 min-1 at 498 K); moderate catalytic activity for the production of hydrogen is demonstrated by Pt supported on SiO2-Al2O3 and ZrO2 (turnover frequencies near 5 min-1); and lower catalytic activity is exhibited by Pt supported on CeO2, ZnO, and SiO2 (H2 turnover frequencies lower than about 2 min-1). Pt supported on Al2O3, and to a lesser extent ZrO2, exhibits high selectivity for production of H2 and CO2 from aqueous-phase reforming of ethylene glycol. In contrast, Pt supported on carbon, TiO2, SiO2-Al2O3 and Pt-black produce measurable amounts of gaseous alkanes and liquid-phase compounds that would lead to alkanes at higher conversions (e.g., ethanol, acetic acid, acetaldehyde). The total rate of formation of these byproducts is about 1-3 min-1 at 498 K. An important bifunctional route for the formation of liquid-phase alkane-precursor compounds over less selective catalysts involves dehydration reactions on the catalyst support (or in the aqueous reforming solution) followed by hydrogenation reactions on Pt.

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Citation Information
George W Huber, J W Shabaker, R. R Davda, R. D Cortright, et al.. "Aqueous-Phase Reforming of Ethylene Glycol Over Supported Platinum Catalysts" Catalysis Letters Vol. 74 (2003)
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