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L'attribution des poêmes du comte de Poitiers à Guillaume IX d'Aquitaine
Gesta (1993)
  • George T. Beech, Western Michigan University
Abstract
The Eleanor of Aquitaine vase in the Louvre has long been known as one of the rare modern survivals of the famous treasury of the royal abbey of Saint-Denis carefully assembled by Abbot Suger in the mid twelfth century. Suger's own inscription on his elaborate mounting for the vase tells how it came into his possession through Eleanor of Aquitaine's grandfather, William IX of Aquitaine, Eleanor herself, and her first husband, Louis VII of France. But the earlier history of the vase, which is of early medieval, mid-eastern origin is obscure because until now no one has been able to identify the first named owner, Mitadolus. Spanish Muslim records make clear that this Mitadolus was Imad al-dawla abd al-malik ibn Hud, the last Muslim king of Saragossa (1110-1130). Forced to abandon his capital to the North-African Almoravids in May 1110, this Spanish Muslim king remained in power for twenty more years by allying with the Christian Aragonese under Alfonso I. Imad al-dawla must have met William IX of Aquitaine when both commanded contingents of knights under Alfonso I at the battle of Cutanda in Aragon on June 17, 1120 when the Almoravids were defeated. The precise circumstances for the transmission of the vase are unknown but it is highly probable that Imad al-dawla presented it to William in an attempt to win his support. The once enigmatic Eleanor Vase must now be seen as a spectacular memento of an unusual act of Christian-Muslim collaboration during a critical phase of the Reconquest.
Keywords
  • 11th century,
  • Aquitaine
Publication Date
1993
Citation Information
George T. Beech. "L'attribution des poêmes du comte de Poitiers à Guillaume IX d'Aquitaine" Gesta Vol. XXXII (1993)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/george_beech/16/