Skip to main content
Article
Explaining socioeconomic inequalities in student achievement : the role of home and school factors
Educational Research and Evaluation (2006)
  • Gary Marks, ACER
  • John Cresswell, ACER
  • John Ainley, ACER
Abstract
This paper examines the extent that material, social, and cultural resources and schools account for the relationship between socioeconomic background and student achievement among 15-year-olds in 30 countries. Generally, cultural factors play a more important role in most countries although in a small minority of countries, material resources have a substantial impact. Most often, social resources have little impact. In many countries, educational differentiation - that is, school tracks and school types, and curriculum tracking within schools - mediates the relationship between socioeconomic background and student achievement. Countries with highly tracked systems tend to show stronger relationships. On average, over 60 percent of the effect of socioeconomic background on achievement is accounted for by these factors. These findings are independent of whether achievement in reading, mathematics, or science is examined. The implications of this study for reducing socioeconomic inequalities in education are discussed. [Author abstract]
Publication Date
2006
Citation Information
Gary Marks, John Cresswell and John Ainley. "Explaining socioeconomic inequalities in student achievement : the role of home and school factors" Educational Research and Evaluation Vol. 12 Iss. 2 (2006)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/gary_marks/12/