Plant cytochrome P450s are known to be essential in a number of economically important pathways of plant metabolism but there are also many P450s of unknown function accumulating in expressed sequence tag (EST) and genomic databases. To detect trait associations that could assist in the assignment of gene function and provide markers for breeders selecting for commercially important traits, detection of polymorphisms in identified P450 genes is desirable. Polymorphisms in EST sequences provide so-called perfect markers for the associated genes. The International Triticeae EST Cooperative data base of 24,344 ESTs was searched for sequences exhibiting homology to P450 genes representing the nine known clans of plant P450s. Seventy five P450 ESTs were identified of which 24 had best matches in Genbank to P450 genes of known function and 51 to P450s of unknown function. Sequence information from PCR products amplified from the genomic template DNA of 11 barley varieties was obtained using primers designed from six barley P450 ESTs and one durum wheat P450 EST. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) between barley varieties were identified using five of the seven PCR products. A maximum of five SNPs and three haplotypes among the 11 barley lines were detected in products from any one primer pair. SNPs in three PCR products led to changes between barley varieties in at least one restriction site enabling genotyping and mapping without the expense of a specialist SNP detection system. The overall frequency of SNPs across the 11 barley varieties was 1 every 131 bases.
Bundock, PC, Christopher, JT, Eggler, P, Ablett, GA, Henry, RJ & Holton, TA 2003, 'Single nucleotide polymorphisms in cytochrome P450 genes from barley', TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 106, no. 4, pp. 676-682.
The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-002-1116-9