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Gender Differences in Health: Evidence from the Czech Republic
Social Science and Medicine (1996)
  • Joseph Hraba
  • Frederick Lorenz
  • Gang Lee, University of Texas, El Paso
  • Zdenka Pechacova

Gender differences in health have been linked to gender stratification in the United States. Women's relation to production, paid and unpaid work, and their experience of this gender inequality disadvantage their self-rated health compared to men. Men's consumption or health lifestyles disfavors their comparative health. This formulation is tested in the Czech Republic with a sample of matched wives and husbands (N = 577 households). This extends previous research in the United States on gender differences in health in two ways: into post-communist Europe and by comparing paired wives and husbands. Respondents completed questionnaires in 1994 on their health and well-being, jobs and finances, non-economic life events, marriage, psychological states, opinions about the changes in the Czech Republic, and socioeconomic background. Wives and husbands filled out separate questionnaires. The relation to production (both the objective relation and its subjective experience) did not impair wives' self-reported health any more than that of their husbands, and husbands' consumption or health lifestyles did not put them at a health disadvantage. Interpretations of these findings rest on both the extension of the study into post-communist Europe and by comparing matched wives and husbands.

  • gender differences in health,
  • Czech Republic,
  • male and female health
Publication Date
January 1, 1996
Citation Information
Joseph Hraba, Frederick Lorenz, Gang Lee and Zdenka Pechacova. "Gender Differences in Health: Evidence from the Czech Republic" Social Science and Medicine (1996)
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