We compare the different existing approaches to the construction of time-varying Z-score measures, plus an additional alternative one, using a panel of banks for the G20 group of countries covering the period 1992-2009. We examine which ways of estimating the moments used in these different approaches best fit the data, using a simple root mean squared error criterion. Our results are supportive of our alternative time-varying Z-score measure: it uses mean and standard deviation estimates of the return on assets calculated over full samples combined with current values of the capital-asset ratio, and is thus straightforward to implement.
- insolvency risk,
- mean squared error
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/frank_strobel/21/