PICO: What it is and what it is notNurse Educ Pract (2021)
Aim: To assess the role and effectiveness of the mnemonic PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparator and Outcome) in evidence-based practice (EBP) pedagogy.
Background: The mnemonic "PICO" is a well-established tool in nursing EBP pedagogy. Nevertheless, application of this tool in nursing curricula is not currently supported by evidence of its effectiveness. Further, there are reports that PICO as a tool is unhelpful in the classroom.
Design/methods: We reviewed the literature on PICO; specifically, the mnemonic's origin, purpose, and effectiveness in practice.
Results: Our analysis reveals that PICO is limited in terms of its effectiveness and scope of inquiry.
Conclusion: A reevaluation of PICO's role in nursing pedagogy is essential. To start, we propose a de-emphasis on PICO as an exclusive or preferred tool, and an emphasis on critical evaluation of the literature, and the whole of the EBP process. We propose a search for more effective methods to improve matching native clinical questions to the retrieval of data that informs patient care.
- Nurses; Nursing students; PICO; Systematic reviews.
Publication DateOctober, 2021
Citation InformationMartin Schiavenato and Frances Chu. "PICO: What it is and what it is not" Nurse Educ Pract (2021)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/frances-chu/2/