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Article
Feasibility Study of a Cognitive Behavioral Smoking Cessation Intervention for Adolescent Males in Residential Treatment
PCOM Psychology Dissertations
  • Flora Casallas, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Date of Submission
2004
Degree Type
Dissertation
Degree Name
Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)
Department
Psychology
Department Chair
Robert A. DiTomasso, Ph.D., ABPP
First Advisor
Stephanie Felgoise, Ph.D., ABPP, Chairperson
Second Advisor
Frederick Rotgers, Psy.D., ABPP
Third Advisor
M. Dolores Cimini, Ph.D.
Subject Categories
Abstract
The current study examined the effectiveness of a modified, empirically-based smoking cessation intervention, originally designed for teenagers in public school settings, but applied to actively smoking adolescents in residential treatment. The cognitive-behavioral intervention, developed by the American Lung Association (ALA, 2001) and researchers at West Virginia University, called Not-On-Tobacco (N-O-T), provides a total-health approach to helping teenagers quit smoking or to reducing the number of cigarettes smoked. The 10-session intervention was delivered over five consecutive weeks to eight adolescent males ranging in age 13 to 16 and in grades 8 to 10, living in a residential treatment community (RTC) located within the Northeast region of New York State. At the time of the study, the average length of stay at the RTC was 7 months. The intervention curriculum was followed as written, with some changes made to suit the needs of the RTC. The intervention's curriculum pre- and post-assessment questionnaires on "Smoking History / Usage / Motivation / Intent to Quit" and "Attitude Toward Tobacco Use" were used to determine effectiveness of the intervention in helping reduce or decrease the number of cigarettes smoked. The study's findings indicated a reduction in the number of cigarettes smoked during a typical week for all participants. A noticeable reduction in the number of cigarettes occurred at session 9, when the focus of the previous session was on assertive skills training. Based on these results, and the fact that the current study was based on a small sample (n=8), a definitive conclusion that the intervention was effective cannot be made without validation of the data with a larger sample group. Discussion includes implications for future studies.
Citation Information
Flora Casallas. "Feasibility Study of a Cognitive Behavioral Smoking Cessation Intervention for Adolescent Males in Residential Treatment" (2004)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/flora_casallas/1/