Upon a recent decision of the Federal Supreme Court, the USA has become the 15th country in the World to act marriage as a civil right for same-sex couples. Just two years before, in a very different constitutional environment, France acted an equivalent law including adoptive filiation. France had to overcome a long debate at the parliament and passionate reactions among the various secular and religious constituencies of its society.
This article tends to address three main questions: How does the law actually change the family environment of same-sex couples? Why the most willing legislators advised by the most competent lawyers had to revise their initial project? Looking forward, what could be next? I attempt to answer those questions based on an analysis of the dispositions of the law itself and an understanding of the cultural and historical context of French society. I argue that the law passed is only a second step to a series of reform France will necessarily adopt in order to keep path with most advanced democracies and achieve full civil right equality for LGBT persons, couples and families.
- Same-sex marriage,
- adoptive filiation,
- civil rights,
- medically assisted procreation,
- social parent,
- gender identity,
- sexual orientation,
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/fgiaoui/2/