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Article
Biodiesel Production from Crude Cottonseed Oil: An Optimization Process Using Response Surface Methodology
The Open Fuels & Energy Science Journal
  • Xiaohu Fan, Clemson University
  • Xi Wang, Clemson University
  • Feng Chen, Clemson University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2011
Publisher
Bentham Open
Disciplines
Abstract
Biodiesel, known as fatty acid methyl ester (FAME), was produced from crude cottonseed oil (triglycerides) by transesterification with methanol in the presence of sodium hydroxide. This process was optimized by applying factorial design and response surface methodology (RSM) with SAS and PSIPLOT programs. A second-order mathematical model was obtained to predict the yield as a function of methanol/oil molar ratio, catalyst concentration, reaction temperature, and rate of mixing. Based on ridge max analysis and RSM, as well as economic cost consideration, the practical optimal condition for the production of biodiesel was found to be: methanol/oil molar ratio, 7.9; temperature, 53 °C; time, 45 min; catalyst concentration, 1.0%; and rate of mixing, 268 rpm. The optimized condition was validated with the actual biodiesel yield of 97%. Furthermore, the biodiesel was confirmed by HPLC analyses that triglycerides of cottonseed oil were almost completely converted to FAME.
Comments
This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
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