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What Is Your Diagnosis? Otitis in a Rabbit
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association (2009)
  • Erica L. Stieve-Caldwell
  • Federica Morandi, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
  • Marcy Souza
  • William H. Adams

A 3-year-old sexually intact male Dutch rabbit was evaluated for nasal discharge and head tilt of 1 week's duration. The rabbit had been laterally recumbent for the 5 hours prior to admission. Upon physical examination, there was mucopurulent discharge from both nares and large amounts of desiccated and liquid caseous debris in the left ear. Results of a CBC revealed leukocytosis (18,100 cells/μL; reference range, 5,200 to 12,500 cells/μL); results of serum biochemical analysis were within reference ranges. The rabbit was anesthetized, and radiographs of the skull were obtained. Clinical signs were suggestive of a Pasteurella multocida infection of the upper respiratory tract and middle and inner ear. Other differential diagnoses for the head tilt include other bacterial infections, parasitic infections, inflammation of the middle or inner ear, foreign body, trauma, cerebrovascular accident, toxicoses, heat stress, liver disease, and neoplasia. In addition to imaging of the skull, bacterial culture of exudate from the ears was performed to reach a definitive diagnosis.

  • rabbit bullae,
  • radiography,
  • imaging
Publication Date
September 15, 2009
Citation Information
Erica L. Stieve-Caldwell, Federica Morandi, Marcy Souza and William H. Adams. "What Is Your Diagnosis? Otitis in a Rabbit" Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Vol. 235 Iss. 6 (2009)
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