Outcome of home mechanical ventilationJournal of College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan
AbstractOBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome of patients discharged home on portable ventilator. DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi from January 2000 to December 2004. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All ventilator-dependent patients discharged home were contacted. Survivors were administered the EQ-5D Quality-of-Life instrument. SPSS version 13 was used to analyze data. RESULTS: Eleven patients were discharged home on invasive ventilation. Mean age was 49 years (range 10-98 years). Cause of ventilatory failure were cervical spine trauma in 36%, primary neurological disease in 27%, critical illness neuropathy and respiratory failure in 18% each. Survival rate was 73%, with three deaths. Mean duration of ventilation was 9.45 months (95% CI 3.24, 15.67). Rate of successful weaning after discharge was 36%, with 4 patients off all forms of ventilatory support and 2 on only nocturnal support. A 2.8 (95% CI 0.5, 16.6) relative risk towards successful weaning was associated with the presence of a family member as the primary care giver. Mean scores on the EQ-5D descriptive tool were; mobility 2 (-/+0.82), self-care 2 (-/+0.82), usual activities 1.86 (-/+0.69), pain/discomfort 1.43(-/+0.79), anxiety/depression 1.29 (-/+0.76). Mean score on the EQ-VAS was 48.2(-/+ 27.3). CONCLUSION: In carefully selected patients, home ventilation is a viable option with the expectation of successful weaning and survival. Patients discharged home on ventilation reported a reasonably good quality of life with proportionately more problems related to independence compared to overall well-being.
Citation InformationN Salahuddin, K Haider, SJ Husain, S Siddiqui, et al.. "Outcome of home mechanical ventilation" Journal of College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan Vol. 15 Iss. 7 (2005) p. 387 - 390
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/fazal_hameed/26/