Skip to main content
Redox Stable Anodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Frontiers in Energy Research
  • Guoliang Xiao
  • Fanglin Chen, University of South Carolina - Columbia
Publication Date
Document Type
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) can convert chemical energy from the fuel directly to electrical energy with high efficiency and fuel flexibility. Ni-based cermets have been the most widely adopted anode for SOFCs. However, the conventional Ni-based anode has low tolerance to sulfur-contamination, is vulnerable to deactivation by carbon build-up (coking) from direct oxidation of hydrocarbon fuels, and suffers volume instability upon redox cycling. Among these limitations, the redox instability of the anode is particularly important and has been intensively studied since the SOFC anode may experience redox cycling during fuel cell operations even with the ideal pure hydrogen as the fuel. This review aims to highlight recent progresses on improving redox stability of the conventional Ni-based anode through microstructure optimization and exploration of alternative ceramic-based anode materials.
Citation Information
Guoliang Xiao and Fanglin Chen. "Redox Stable Anodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells" Frontiers in Energy Research Vol. 2 (2014) p. 18
Available at: