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UBnormal: New benchmark for supervised open-set video anomaly detection
Proceedings of the IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Andra Acsintoae, University of Bucharest
  • Andrei Florescu, University of Bucharest
  • Mariana-Iuliana Georgescu, University of Bucharest & SecurifAI
  • Tudor Mare, SecurifAI
  • Paul Sumedrea, University of Bucharest
  • Radu Tudor Ionescu, University of Bucharest & SecurifAI
  • Fahad Shahbaz Khan, Mohamed bin Zayed University of Artificial Intelligence
  • Mubarak Shah, University of Central Florida
Document Type

Detecting abnormal events in video is commonly framed as a one-class classification task, where training videos contain only normal events, while test videos encompass both normal and abnormal events. In this scenario, anomaly detection is an open-set problem. However, some studies assimilate anomaly detection to action recognition. This is a closed-set scenario that fails to test the capability of systems at detecting new anomaly types. To this end, we propose UBnormal, a new supervised open-set benchmark composed of multiple virtual scenes for video anomaly detection. Unlike existing data sets, we introduce abnormal events annotated at the pixel level at training time, for the first time enabling the use of fully-supervised learning methods for abnormal event detection. To preserve the typical open-set formulation, we make sure to include disjoint sets of anomaly types in our training and test collections of videos. To our knowledge, UBnormal is the first video anomaly detection benchmark to allow a fair head-to-head comparison between one-class open-set models and supervised closed-set models, as shown in our experiments. Moreover, we provide empirical evidence showing that UBnormal can enhance the performance of a state-of-the-art anomaly detection framework on two prominent data sets, Avenue and ShanghaiTech. Copyright © 2021, The Authors. All rights reserved.

Publication Date
  • Training,
  • Learning systems,
  • Computer vision,
  • Event detection,
  • Benchmark testing,
  • Performance gain,
  • Data models,
  • Benchmark,
  • Anomaly Detection,
  • Video Anomaly,
  • Video Anomaly Detection,
  • Training Time,
  • Action Recognition,
  • Normal Events,
  • Pixel Level,
  • Training Videos,
  • Abnormal Events,
  • Test Videos,
  • Types Of Anomalies,
  • One-class Classification,
  • Video Events,
  • Training Set,
  • Validation Set,
  • Body Of Work,
  • Pedestrian,
  • Abnormal Activity,
  • Detection Task,
  • Anomaly Score,
  • Multiple Instance Learning,
  • Detection In Videos,
  • Abnormal Samples,
  • Abnormal Data,
  • Multi-task Learning Framework,
  • Skateboarding,
  • Outlier Detection,
  • Anomalous Events,
  • Action Classes

Open Access, archived thanks to CVPR

Uploaded: June 24, 2024

Citation Information
A. Acsintoae et al., "UBnormal: New Benchmark for Supervised Open-Set Video Anomaly Detection," 2022 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), New Orleans, LA, USA, 2022, pp. 20111-20121, doi: 10.1109/CVPR52688.2022.01951