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Co-production of hydrogen and carbon nanofibers from methane decomposition over zeolite Y supported Ni catalysts
Energy Conversion and Management (2015)
Abstract

The objective of this paper is to study the influences of different operating conditions on the hydrogen formation and properties of accumulated carbon from methane decomposition using zeolite Y supported 15% and 30% Ni, respectively, at a temperature range between 500 and 650 degrees C in a pilot scale fixed bed reactor. The temperature ramp was showed a significant impact on the thermo-catalytic decomposition (TCD) of methane. An optimum temperature range of 550-600 degrees C were required to attain the maximum amount of methane conversion and revealed that at 550 and 600 degrees C, catalyst showed longer activity for the whole studied of experimental runs. Additionally, at 550 degrees C, the methane decomposition is two times longer for 30% Ni/Y zeolite than that for 15% Ni/Y zeolite catalyst, whereas it is almost three times higher at 500 degrees C. A maximum carbon yield of 614.25 and 157.54 g(c)/g(Ni) were reported after end of the complete reaction at 600 degrees C with 30% and 15% Ni/Y zeolite catalyst, respectively. From BET, TPD, and XRD analysis, we had reported that how the chemistry between the TCD of methane and metal content of the catalysts could significantly affect the hydrogen production as well as carbon nano-fibers. TEM analysis ensured that the produced carbon had fishbone type structures with a hollow core and grew from crystallites of Ni anchored on the external surface of the catalysts and irrespective of the metal loadings, the whisker types of nano filaments were formed as confirmed from FESEM analysis. Nevertheless, the effect of volume hourly space velocity (VHSV) on the methane conversion was also investigated and reported that the methane conversion increased as VHSV and nickel concentration in Ni-Y catalysts increased. Additionally, the initial methane decomposition rate increases with VHSV and it has reverse and non-linear relevancy to the weight of Ni/Y zeolite catalyst. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Link to Full-Text Articles : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0196890414009492

Keywords
  • coproduction,
  • hydrogen,
  • carbon nanofiber,
  • zeolite y,
  • supported ni,
  • methane decomposition,
  • cox-free hydrogen,
  • activated carbon,
  • nickel,
  • growth,
  • nanotubes,
  • deactivation,
  • temperature,
  • fuel
Publication Date
January 15, 2015
Publisher Statement
Ca4pk Times Cited:0 Cited References Count:34
Citation Information
"Co-production of hydrogen and carbon nanofibers from methane decomposition over zeolite Y supported Ni catalysts" Energy Conversion and Management Vol. 90 (2015)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/facultyofengineering_universityofmalaya/79/