All Charities Are Property-Tax Exempt, but Some Charities Are More Exempt Than OthersNew England Law Review (2010)
AbstractAttention from the media notwithstanding, the nonprofit sector continues to achieve remarkable success in state supreme courts and statehouses in defending property-tax exemptions. But budget pressures remain. While the intermediate use of “payments in lieu of taxes” has not yet become a systematic compromise solution, PILOTs are attracting growing interest from local taxing jurisdictions. This Article highlights three issues— who decides the parameters of exemption, legislatures or courts; what are the specific factors and vulnerable subsectors; and how exemption is granted or withheld in practice—and concludes with several PILOT case studies. The Appendix sets forth a fifty-one-jurisdiction review of state constitutions, statutes, and high-court decisions, and finds that the regimes generally are more similar than not.
Citation InformationAll Charities Are Property-Tax Exempt, but Some Charities Are More Exempt Than Others, 44 New England Law Review 621 (2010).