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Article
Annual Variation of Midlatitude Precipitation
Journal of Climate
  • Tsing-Chang Chen, Iowa State University
  • Wan-Ru Huang, Iowa State University
  • Eugene S. Takle, Iowa State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Version
Published Version
Publication Date
11-1-2004
DOI
10.1175/JCLI3201.1
Abstract
Annual variation of midlatitude precipitation and its maintenance through divergent water vapor flux were explored by the use of hydrological variables from three reanalyses [(NCEP–NCAR, ECMWF Re-Analysis (ERA), and Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS-1)] and two global precipitation datasets [Climate Prediction Center (CPC) Merged Analysis of Precipitation (CMAP) and Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP)]. Two annual variation patterns of midlatitude precipitation were identified: Tropical–midlatitude precipitation contrast: Midlatitude precipitation along storm tracks over the oceans attains its maximum in winter and its minimum in summer opposite to that over the tropical continents. Land–ocean precipitation contrast: The annual precipitation variation between the oceans and the continent masses exhibits a pronounced seesaw. The annual variation of precipitation along storm tracks of both hemispheres follows that of the convergence of transient water vapor flux. On the other hand, the land–ocean precipitation contrast in the Northern Hemisphere midlatitudes is primarily maintained by the annual seesaw between the divergence of stationary water vapor flux over the western oceans and the convergence of this water vapor flux over the eastern oceans during winter. The pattern is reversed during the summer. This divergence–convergence exchange of stationary water vapor flux is coupled with the annual evolution of upper-level ridges over continents and troughs over the oceans.
Comments

This article is published as Chen, Tsing-Chang, Wan-Ru Huang, and Eugene S. Takle. "Annual variation of midlatitude precipitation." Journal of climate 17, no. 21 (2004): 4291-4298. DOI:10.1175/JCLI3201.1. Posted with permission.

Rights
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Copyright Owner
American Meteorological Society
Language
en
File Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
Tsing-Chang Chen, Wan-Ru Huang and Eugene S. Takle. "Annual Variation of Midlatitude Precipitation" Journal of Climate Vol. 17 Iss. 21 (2004) p. 4291 - 4298
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/eugene-takle/54/