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Stress, Social Support, and Burnout Among Long-Term Care Nursing Staff.
Journal of Applied Gerontology (2015)
  • Erin L. Woodhead, San José State University
  • Lynn Northrop, Sharp Mesa Visa Hospital, San Diego, CA, USA
  • Barry A. Edelstein, West Virginia University
Long-term care nursing staff are subject to considerable occupational stress and report high levels of burnout, yet little is known about how stress and social support are associated with burnout in this population. The present study utilized the job demands–resources model of burnout to examine relations between job demands (occupational and personal stress), job resources (sources and functions of social support), and burnout in a sample of nursing staff at a long-term care facility (N = 250). Hierarchical linear regression analyses revealed that job demands (greater occupational stress) were associated with more emotional exhaustion, more depersonalization, and less personal accomplishment. Job resources (support from supervisors and friends or family members, reassurance of worth, opportunity for nurturing) were associated with less emotional exhaustion and higher levels of personal accomplishment. Interventions to reduce burnout that include a focus on stress and social support outside of work may be particularly beneficial for long-term care staff. 
  • family-to-work spillover effects,
  • long-term care,
  • social provisions,
  • occupational stress
Publication Date
Publisher Statement
This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article whose final and definitive form, the Version of Record, has been published in Journal of Gerontology, 2015. Find the published version of this article at this link.

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Citation Information
Erin L. Woodhead, Lynn Northrop and Barry A. Edelstein. "Stress, Social Support, and Burnout Among Long-Term Care Nursing Staff." Journal of Applied Gerontology Vol. 35 Iss. 1 (2015) p. 84 - 105
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