Insecticidal Seed Treatments can Harm Honey BeesIntegrated Crop Management News
AbstractNeonicotinoids are a relatively new class of chemistry to control insects. They are now widely adopted because they are persistent and systemic in plant tissues. Most field crops in Iowa have a neonicotinoid seed treatment. Common examples of neonicotinoids include: clothianidin (Poncho ®), thiamethoxam (Cruiser ®), and imidacloprid (Gaucho ®). Active ingredient rates range from 0.25-1.25 milligrams per kernel (sold as 250-1,250 rates).
Copyright OwnerIowa State University
Citation InformationErin W. Hodgson and Christian Krupke. "Insecticidal Seed Treatments can Harm Honey Bees" (2012)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/erin_hodgson/35/