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Analysis of Historical Travel Time Data
Kentucky Transportation Center Research Report
  • Mei Chen, University of Kentucky
  • Xu Zhang, University of Kentucky
  • Eric R. Green, University of Kentucky
Abstract
Travel speed is a critical piece of information for many applications. The Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) states that calculating travel speeds illuminates the performance of the nation’s highway system. New technologies make the collection of speed data more straightforward than ever. Private vendors collect and sell this data, and KTC purchased speed data for 2010-2013 from NAVTEQ (now HERE). The main objectives of the research were to: Evaluate private sector speed data and its use in generating travel time based performance measures Create a mechanism to integrate this speed data with networks maintained by KYTC and Kentucky Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) to facilitate congestion management and travel model improvement Generate performance measures, including travel time index, planning time index, buffer index, annual hours of delay, and percentage travel under congested conditions This study assessed private sector speed data, its potential as a robust data source, and its limitations. Evaluation of the data indicated that link -referenced ATP data offered the best value for a wide range of applications. It offered details on speed distribution and provided critical insights into the dynamics of congestion and the variability of travel times. Among the three types of data, the link-referenced ATP data should be the first choice when future purchases of private sector speed data are made. These data provided critical support to develop the performance measures required by MAP-21. These data need to be linked with traffic volumes to generate the full range of performance measures. Data remain sparse for roads with lower functional classifications , especially collectors and local streets. When sample size is a concern, the research team recommends that data from other sources (such as Bluetooth, radar, and others) be used to supplement the private sector speed data. A range of congestion and reliability performance measures have been generated from these data and were provided to KYTC and MPO stakeholders in the form of geodatabases. Other applications can benefit from these data, including: the calibration and validation of simulation models, travel demand models, and air quality analyses.
Report Date
9-1-2015
Report Number
KTC-15-12/SPR12-444-1F
Digital Object Identifier
https://doi.org/10.13023/KTC.RR.2015.12
Notes

© 2015 University of Kentucky, Kentucky Transportation Center

Information may not be used, reproduced, or republished without our written consent.

The contents of this report reflect the views of the authors, who are responsible for the facts and accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the University of Kentucky, the Kentucky Transportation Center, the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet, the United States Department of Transportation, or the Federal Highway Administration. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation. The inclusion of manufacturer names or trade names is for identification purposes and should not be considered an endorsement.

Citation Information
Mei Chen, Xu Zhang and Eric R. Green. Analysis of Historical Travel Time Data. (2015)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/eric_green/84/