Peace is not only the absence of armed conflict, it is also a dynamic set of relationships of coexistence and co-operation among and within peoples, characterized by respect for human values and concern to provide the greatest possible well-being for all. Peace is increasingly threatened each day by the accumulation of weapons of mass destruction, by the great economic and social inequalities that divide mankind, and by contempt for basic human rights and the dignity of the individual, requiring a greater effort to overcome these evils. This is only possible in a world in which the observance of international law replaces violence, fear and injustice. A culture of peace involves a set of values, attitudes, traditions, modes of behaviour and ways of life based on respect for life, ending of violence and the promotion and practice of non-violence through education, dialogue and cooperation; full respect for and promotion of all human rights and fundamental freedoms; commitment to a peaceful settlement of conflicts; respect for and promotion of the right to development; respect for and promotion of the equal rights of and opportunities for women and men; respect for and promotion of the rights of everyone to freedom of expression, opinion and information; and adherence to the principles of freedom, justice, democracy, tolerance, solidarity, co-operation, pluralism, cultural diversity, dialogue and understanding at all levels of society and among nations.
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