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Article
Acidification and Starch Behaviour during Co-Fermentation of Cassava and Soybean into Gari.
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition (2010)
  • Dr. Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa, (PhD)
  • Edem John Kongor, University of Ghana
  • George Annor, University of Ghana
  • Randy Adjonu, Charles Sturt University
Abstract

Changes in acidification and starch behaviour were investigated during co-fermentation of cassava and soybean into gari, an African fermented product. Non-volatile acidity, pH and starch content were evaluated using standard analytical methods. Starch breakdown and pasting characteristics were also analysed using Brabender Viscoamylograph. Fermentation caused significant variations in the pH, non-volatile acidity and starch concentration. The pH decreased with concomitant increases in non-volatile acidity during co-fermentation of the cassava dough. Soy-fortification upto 20% caused only minimal effects on the pH, titratable acidity and starch content during the fermentation period. Starch content decreased from 69.8%-60.4% within the 48 h fermentation time in the unfortified sample with similar trends noted at all levels of fortification. Starch pasting characteristics showed varied trends in pasting temperature, peak viscosity, viscosity at 95°C and at 50°C-HOLD with increasing fermentation time and soybean concentration. Cassava could be co-fermented with soybean upto 20% concentration during gari processing, without significant effect on its process and product quality characteristics.

Keywords
  • Maize,
  • fermentation,
  • malting,
  • viscosity,
  • viscoelastic properties,
  • infant foods,
  • rheological properties,
  • cereals
Publication Date
2010
Citation Information
Dr. Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa, Edem John Kongor, George Annor and Randy Adjonu. "Acidification and Starch Behaviour during Co-Fermentation of Cassava and Soybean into Gari." International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition Vol. 61 Iss. 5 (2010)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/emmanueloheneafoakwa/106/