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Non thrust cervical manipulations reduce short term pain and decrease systolic blood pressure during intervention in mechanical neck pain a RCT.pdf
The Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy (2019)
  • Emmanuel Yung
Abstract
Objectives: To evaluate the association of resting blood pressure with pain response and evaluate the cardiovascular effects of anterior-to-posterior [AP] versus lateral [LAT] techniques of cervical spine non-thrust manipulation [NTM]. Methods: Forty-three (23 females) participants with non-chronic neck pain (mean age 29.00 ± SD 9.09 years) randomly received AP or LAT NTM to the cervical spine. Blood pressure and heart rate were measured before, during, and after the intervention. Disability and pain were measured pre- and post-intervention. Results: Resting systolic blood pressure (SBP) was significantly associated with average pain reduction two days later on univariate and multivariate analyses (coefficients -0.029 ± SD 0.013, p = 0.036; -0.026 ± 0.012, p = 0.032). No significant differences existed between AP and LAT NTM groups in disability, pain reduction, and cardiovascular variables. The decrease in 'worst neck pain' rating 2-days post-intervention was clinically significant within the AP (mean -2.43 ± SD 2.66) group. Mixed-effect model ANOVA revealed a significant change in SBP over time (estimate -1.94 ± SD 0.70, p = 0.007). Discussion: This spinal NTM study was the first to relate resting SBP with short-term pain reduction, demonstrating SBP-related hypoalgesia. In normotensive individuals with unilateral non-chronic neck pain, each 10 mmHg higher resting SBP was associated with a 0.29-unit decrease in average pain at follow-up when holding baseline pain constant. AP and LAT NTM equally reduced short-term pain and decreased SBP during-intervention, suggesting SBP-sympathoinhibition. These techniques have previously been shown to be sympatho-excitatory when delivered under different dosage parameters. SBP's mediating and moderating role should be investigated. "Level of Evidence: 1b."
Keywords
  • Mechanical neck pain; blood pressure; dosage; hypoalgesia; sympatho-inhibition
Publication Date
Summer August 4, 2019
Citation Information
Emmanuel Yung. "Non thrust cervical manipulations reduce short term pain and decrease systolic blood pressure during intervention in mechanical neck pain a RCT.pdf" The Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy (2019)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/emmanuel_yung/92/