Skip to main content
Malaria transmission in Gambela, Illubabor Province
Ethiopian Medical Journal (1971)
  • E. S. Krafsur, United States Naval Medical Research Unit
The epidemic malaria that periodically scourges the highlands of Ethiopia
probably originates in more tropical lowland environments where it is
stable and highly endemic (Fontaine et al., 1961). Because of the continuing
progress made by the national Malaria Eradication Service in the highlands,
it has become increasingly necessary to acquire basic epidemiological
information on malaria in the neighboring lowlands so that schemes to
prevent reintroduction may be designed. This report is based on some
of the observations made during an entomological study of malaria transmission
in one such locality, Gam bela, and in the nearby small villages
bordering the Baro River. The objectives of the research were to identify
anopheline species acting as malaria vectors, to quantitate their part in
the epidemiology of the disease, and to determine the risk of transmission
on a seasonal basis. The present report summarily reviews information
gathered in 1968 on these three objectives. Final reports on the age structure
of populations of Anopheles (Cellia) gambiae and Anopheles (Cellia)
funestus and the vectorial status of Anopheles (Cellia) nili have been
published (Krafsur, 1970a,b). Because there is presently much discussion
and planning for the economic development of the Gambela area, this
communication is intended to provide "pre-eradication" information to
those concerned with public health.
Publication Date
April, 1971
Publisher Statement
Copyright 1971 Ethiopian Medical Association
Citation Information
E. S. Krafsur. "Malaria transmission in Gambela, Illubabor Province" Ethiopian Medical Journal Vol. 9 Iss. 2 (1971) p. 75 - 94
Available at: