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Article
Phenotypic plasticity and geographic variation in thermal tolerance and water loss of the tsetse Glossina pallidipes (Diptera: Glossinidae): implications for distribution modelling
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
  • John S. Terblanche, Stellenbosch University
  • C. Jaco Klok, Stellenbosch University
  • Elliot S. Krafsur, Iowa State University
  • Steven L. Chown, Iowa State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Version
Published Version
Publication Date
5-1-2006
Abstract
Using the tsetse, Glossina pallidipes, we show that physiologic plasticity (resulting from temperature acclimation) accounts for among-population variation in thermal tolerance and water loss rates. Critical thermal minimum (CT(Min)) was highly variable among populations, seasons, and acclimation treatments, and the full range of variation was 9.3 degrees C (maximum value = 3.1 x minimum). Water loss rate showed similar variation (max = 3.7 x min). In contrast, critical thermal maxima (CT(Max)) varied least among populations, seasons, and acclimation treatments, and the full range of variation was only approximately 1 degree C. Most of the variation among the four field populations could be accounted for by phenotypic plasticity, which in the case of CT(Min), develops within 5 days of temperature exposure and is lost rapidly on return to the original conditions. Limited variation in CT(Max) supports bioclimatic models that suggest tsetse are likely to show range contraction with warming from climate change.
Comments

This is an article from American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 74 (2006): 786. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner
The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Language
en
File Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
John S. Terblanche, C. Jaco Klok, Elliot S. Krafsur and Steven L. Chown. "Phenotypic plasticity and geographic variation in thermal tolerance and water loss of the tsetse Glossina pallidipes (Diptera: Glossinidae): implications for distribution modelling" American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Vol. 74 Iss. 5 (2006) p. 786 - 794
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/elliot-krafsur/26/