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Iron Isotope Fractionation during Fe(II) Oxidation Mediated by the Oxygen-Producing Marine Cyanobacterium Synechococcus PCC 7002
Environmental Science & Technology
  • Elizabeth S. Swanner, Iowa State University
  • Timm Bayer, University of Tuebingen
  • Wenfang Wu, University of Tuebingen
  • Likai Hao, University of Tuebingen
  • Martin Obst, University of Bayreuth
  • Anneli Sundman, University of Tuebingen
  • James Martin Byrne, University of Tuebingen
  • F. M. Michel, Virginia Tech
  • I. C. Kleinhanns, University of Tuebingen
  • A. Klapper, University of Tuebingen
  • R. Schoenberg, University of Tuebingen
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In this study, we couple iron isotope analysis to microscopic and mineralogical investigation of iron speciation during circumneutral Fe(II) oxidation and Fe(III) precipitation with photosynthetically produced oxygen. In the presence of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus PCC 7002, aqueous Fe(II) (Fe(II)aq) is oxidized and precipitated as amorphous Fe(III) oxyhydroxide minerals (iron precipitates, Feppt), with distinct isotopic fractionation (ε56Fe) values determined from fitting the δ56Fe(II)aq (1.79‰ and 2.15‰) and the δ56Feppt (2.44‰ and 2.98‰) data trends from two replicate experiments. Additional Fe(II) and Fe(III) phases were detected using microscopy and chemical extractions and likely represent Fe(II) and Fe(III) sorbed to minerals and cells. The iron desorbed with sodium acetate (FeNaAc) yielded heavier δ56Fe compositions than Fe(II)aq. Modeling of the fractionation during Fe(III) sorption to cells and Fe(II) sorption to Feppt, combined with equilibration of sorbed iron and with Fe(II)aq using published fractionation factors, is consistent with our resulting δ56FeNaAc. The δ56Feppt data trend is inconsistent with complete equilibrium exchange with Fe(II)aq. Because of this and our detection of microbially excreted organics (e.g., exopolysaccharides) coating Feppt in our microscopic analysis, we suggest that electron and atom exchange is partially suppressed in this system by biologically produced organics. These results indicate that cyanobacteria influence the fate and composition of iron in sunlit environments via their role in Fe(II) oxidation through O2 production, the capacity of their cell surfaces to sorb iron, and the interaction of secreted organics with Fe(III) minerals.

This article is published as Swanner, Elizabeth D., Timm Bayer, Wenfang Wu, Likai Hao, Martin Obst, Anneli Sundman, James Martin Byrne et al. "Iron Isotope Fractionation during Fe (II) Oxidation Mediated by the Oxygen-Producing Marine Cyanobacterium Synechococcus PCC 7002." Environmental Science & Technology 51, no. 9 (2017): 4897-4906. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b05833. Posted with permission.

This is an open access article published under an ACS AuthorChoice License, which permits copying and redistribution of the article or any adaptations for non-commercial purposes
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Elizabeth S. Swanner, Timm Bayer, Wenfang Wu, Likai Hao, et al.. "Iron Isotope Fractionation during Fe(II) Oxidation Mediated by the Oxygen-Producing Marine Cyanobacterium Synechococcus PCC 7002" Environmental Science & Technology Vol. 51 Iss. 9 (2017) p. 4897 - 4906
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