Biomimetic Application of Ion-Conducting-Based Memristive Devices in Spike-Timing-Dependent-Plasticity(2015)
The design and synthesis of artificial learning systems has been aided by the study of biological learning systems. Classic biological learning is driven by the strengthening and weakening of the synapses that connect neurons within the brain through a phenomenon known as Spike-Timing-Dependent-Plasticity. That is, synaptic connectivity between neurons is modulated by the relative timing of their spiking outputs. Similarly, neuromorphic computing architectures can implement a mesh of artificial neurons interconnected by a network of artificial synapses to mimic the learning behaviors found in nature.
Memristors, two-terminal devices whose resistance can be programmed as a function of voltage and current, offer a promising biomimetic solution for a hardware-based artificial synapse. This work focuses on characterizing the switching behavior of an ion-conducting, chalcogenide-based resistive memory in a test environment emulating the behavior of a two-neuron, single-synapse neuromorphic circuit to demonstrate learning at speeds significantly faster than those found in biological synapses.
The results from this study show that the ion-conducting memristors used in this work exhibit effective learning at time scales ranging over several orders of magnitude: from the biologically-relevant millisecond region to the faster-than-nature nanosecond region.
Publication DateAugust, 2015
DegreeMaster of Science
Field of studyElectrical Engineering
DepartmentElectrical and Computer Engineering
AdvisorKristy Campbell, Ph.D.; Elisa Barney Smith, Ph.D.; and Kurtis Cantley, Ph.D.
Citation InformationKolton T. Drake. "Biomimetic Application of Ion-Conducting-Based Memristive Devices in Spike-Timing-Dependent-Plasticity" (2015)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/elisa_barney_smith/119/