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Phone-delivered Mindfulness Training for Patients with Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators: Results of a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial
Annals of Behavioral Medicine (2013)
  • Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Sybil L. Crawford, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • James F. Carmody, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Lawrence S. Rosenthal, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Gloria Y. Yeh, Harvard University
  • Mary Stanley, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Karen Rose, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Clifford Browning, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Ira S. Ockene, University of Massachusetts Medical School
Abstract
Background: The reduction in adrenergic activity and anxiety associated with meditation may be beneficial for patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators. Purpose: This study aims to determine the feasibility of a phone-delivered mindfulness intervention in patients with defibrillators and to obtain preliminary indications of efficacy on mindfulness and anxiety. Methods: Clinically stable outpatients were randomized to a mindfulness intervention (eight weekly individual phone sessions) or to a scripted follow-up phone call. We used the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Five Facets of Mindfulness to measure anxiety and mindfulness, and multivariate linear regression to estimate the intervention effect on pre-post-intervention changes in these variables. Results: We enrolled 45 patients (23 mindfulness and 22 control; age, 43–83; 30 % women). Retention was 93 %; attendance was 94 %. Mindfulness (beta = 3.31; p = 0.04) and anxiety (beta = −1.15; p = 0.059) improved in the mindfulness group. Conclusions: Mindfulness training can be effectively phone-delivered and may improve mindfulness and anxiety in cardiac defibrillator outpatients.
Publication Date
April 20, 2013
Publisher Statement

Citation: Salmoirago-Blotcher E., et al. Phone-Delivered Mindfulness Training for Patients with Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators: Results of a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. First published online April 20, 2013. doi:10.1007/s12160-013-9505-7. Link to article on publisher's website

Citation Information
Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Sybil L. Crawford, James F. Carmody, Lawrence S. Rosenthal, et al.. "Phone-delivered Mindfulness Training for Patients with Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators: Results of a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial" Annals of Behavioral Medicine (2013)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/elena_salmoiragoblotcher/16/