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Article
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction and Change in Health-Related Behaviors
Cardiovascular Medicine Publications and Presentations
  • Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Matthew Hunsinger, University of Rochester
  • Lucas Morgan, University of Massachusetts Boston
  • Daniel Fischer, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • James Carmody, University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine; Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
Date
1-1-2013
Document Type
Article Preprint
Subjects
Health Behavior; Stress, Psychological; Mind-Body Therapies; Meditation; Relaxation Therapy
Abstract
How best to support change in health-related behaviors is an important public health challenge. The role of mindfulness training in this process has received limited attention. We sought to explore whether mindfulness training is associated with changes in health-related behaviors. The Health Behaviors Questionnaire was used to obtain self-reported dietary behaviors, drinking, smoking, physical activity and sleep quality before and after attendance at an eight-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program. T-test for paired data and chi-square were used to compare pre-post intervention means and proportions of relevant variables with p = .05 as level of significance. Participants (n = 174; mean age 47 years, range: 19-68; 61 % female) reported significant improvements in dietary behaviors and sleep quality. Partial changes were seen in drinking and physical activity, and no change in smoking. In conclusion, mindfulness training promotes favorable changes in selected health-related behaviors deserving further study through randomized controlled trials.
Rights and Permissions
Copyright The Author(s). This is the authors' initial version of the paper before peer review as submitted to: Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. The final published version is available at: Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Hunsinger M, Morgan L, Fischer D, Carmody J. Mindfulness-based stress reduction and change in health-related behaviors. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine. 2013 Oct;18(4):243-7. doi:10.1177/2156587213488600. Link to final published version of article on publisher's website
Keywords
  • mindfulness,
  • mindfulness-based stress reduction,
  • health behaviors
Citation Information
Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Matthew Hunsinger, Lucas Morgan, Daniel Fischer, et al.. "Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction and Change in Health-Related Behaviors" Vol. 18 Iss. 4 (2013)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/elena_salmoiragoblotcher/15/