Patient preferences for emergency department-initiated tobacco interventions: a multicenter cross-sectional study of current smokersEmergency Medicine Publications and Presentations
UMMS AffiliationDepartment of Emergency Medicine
Medical Subject HeadingsSmoking Cessation; Emergency Service, Hospital
AbstractBACKGROUND: The emergency department (ED) visit provides a great opportunity to initiate interventions for smoking cessation. However, little is known about ED patient preferences for receiving smoking cessation interventions or correlates of interest in tobacco counseling. METHODS: ED patients at 10 US medical centers were surveyed about preferences for hypothetical smoking cessation interventions and specific counseling styles. Multivariable linear regression determined correlates of receptivity to bedside counseling. RESULTS: Three hundred seventy-five patients were enrolled; 46% smoked at least one pack of cigarettes per day, and 11% had a smoking-related diagnosis. Most participants (75%) reported interest in at least one intervention. Medications were the most popular (e.g., nicotine replacement therapy, 54%), followed by linkages to hotlines or other outpatient counseling (33-42%), then counseling during the ED visit (33%). Counseling styles rated most favorably involved individualized feedback (54%), avoidance skill-building (53%), and emphasis on autonomy (53%). In univariable analysis, age (r = 0.09), gender (average Likert score = 2.75 for men, 2.42 for women), education (average Likert score = 2.92 for non-high school graduates, 2.44 for high school graduates), and presence of smoking-related symptoms (r = 0.10) were significant at the p < 0.10 level and thus were retained for the final model. In multivariable linear regression, male gender, lower education, and smoking-related symptoms were independent correlates of increased receptivity to ED-based smoking counseling. CONCLUSIONS: In this multicenter study, smokers reported receptivity to ED-initiated interventions. However, there was variability in individual preferences for intervention type and counseling styles. To be effective in reducing smoking among its patients, the ED should offer a range of tobacco intervention options.
Related ResourcesLink to Article in PubMed
Citation InformationEsther K. Choo, Ashley F. Sullivan, Frank Lovecchio, John N. Perret, et al.. "Patient preferences for emergency department-initiated tobacco interventions: a multicenter cross-sectional study of current smokers" Vol. 7 Iss. 1 (2012) ISSN: 1940-0632 (Linking)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/edwin_boudreaux/69/