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The Psychiatric Emergency Research Collaboration-01: methods and results
Emergency Medicine Publications and Presentations
  • Edwin D. Boudreaux, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Michael H. Allen, University of Colorado–Denver
  • Cindy Claassen, University of Texas
  • Glenn W. Currier, University of Rochester Medical Center
  • California Pacific Medical Center, California Pacific Medical Center
  • Rachel Glick, University of Michigan Medical School
  • Jennifer Park, Massachusetts General Hospital
  • David Feifel, University of California
  • Carlos A. Camargo, Jr., Harvard Medical School
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Emergency Medicine
Publication Date
Document Type
Cooperative Behavior; Documentation; Emergency Services, Psychiatric; Health Services Research; Hospitals, General; Humans; Mental Disorders; Mental Status Schedule; Multicenter Studies as Topic; Quality Assurance, Health Care; Quality Indicators, Health Care; Reference Values; Referral and Consultation; Retrospective Studies; Safety; Self-Injurious Behavior; Substance Abuse Detection; Triage; United States

OBJECTIVE: To describe the Psychiatric Emergency Research Collaboration (PERC), the methods used to create a structured chart review tool and the results of our multicenter study.

METHOD: Members of the PERC Steering Committee created a structured chart review tool designed to provide a comprehensive picture of the assessment and management of psychiatric emergency patients. Ten primary indicators were chosen based on the Steering Committee's professional experience, the published literature and existing consensus panel guidelines. Eight emergency departments completed data abstraction of 50 randomly selected emergency psychiatric patients, with seven providing data from two independent raters. Inter-rater reliability (Kappas) and descriptive statistics were computed.

RESULTS: Four hundred patient charts were abstracted. Initial concordance between raters was variable, with some sites achieving high agreement and others not. Reconciliation of discordant ratings through re-review of the original source documentation was necessary for four of the sites. Two hundred eighty-five (71%) subjects had some form of laboratory test performed, including 212 (53%) who had urine toxicology screening and 163 (41%) who had blood alcohol levels drawn. Agitation was present in 220 (52%), with 98 (25%) receiving a medication to reduce agitation and 22 (6%) being physically restrained. Self-harm ideation was present in 226 (55%), while other-harm ideation was present in 82 (20%). One hundred seventy-nine (45%) were admitted to an inpatient or observation unit.

CONCLUSION: Creating a common standard for documenting, abstracting and reporting on the nature and management of psychiatric emergencies is feasible across a wide range of health care institutions.

DOI of Published Version
Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2009 Nov-Dec;31(6):515-22. Epub 2009 Jun 4. Link to article on publisher's site
Related Resources
Link to Article in PubMed
PubMed ID
Citation Information
Edwin D. Boudreaux, Michael H. Allen, Cindy Claassen, Glenn W. Currier, et al.. "The Psychiatric Emergency Research Collaboration-01: methods and results" Vol. 31 Iss. 6 (2009) ISSN: 0163-8343 (Linking)
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