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Article
Temporal and Spatial Variations in Macrofouling of Silicone Fouling-Release Coatings
Biofouling
  • Christina Darkangelo Wood, GE Corporate Resarch and Development - New York
  • Kathryn Truby, GE Corporate Resarch and Development - New York
  • Judith Stein, GE Corporate Resarch and Development - New York
  • Deborah Wiebe, Bridger Scientific - Massachusetts
  • Eric Holm, NSWCCD - Maryland
  • Dean Wendt, University of Hawaii - Honolulu
  • Celia Smith, University of Hawaii - Honolulu
  • Christopher Kavanagh, Florida Institute of Technology - Melbourne
  • Jean Montemarano, NSWCCD - Maryland
  • Geoff Swain, Florida Institute of Technology - Melbourne
  • Anne Meyer, University at Buffalo - New York
Publication Date
1-1-2000
Abstract
Nontoxic, low surface free energy silicone coatings having reduced biofouling adhesion strength have been developed as an alternative to antifouling paints. Silicone coatings permit macrofouling to adhere; however, fouling can be removed easily by water pressure or light scrubbing. One of the current methods used to evaluate the performance of non-toxic silicone fouling-release coatings relies heavily on fouling coverage. The organismal community structure as well as total coverage can affect the ease of fouling removal from these coatings. This paper explores fouling coverage and organismal adhesion over time. Long-term fouling coverage data were collected at four sites (in Massachusetts, Hawaii and Florida) using static immersion panels coated with silicone and oil-amended silicone systems. Inter-site differences in fouling coverage and community structure were observed for each coating. Intra-site variation and temporal change in coverage of fouling was minimal, regardless of coating formulation. The extent of coverage was affected by the duration of immersion and the local environmental conditions; these factors may also have an impact on the foul-release capability of the silicone coatings. Organismal adhesion data was collected in Hawaii and Florida. These adhesion measurements were used as a tool to discriminate and rank fouling release coatings.
Disciplines
Publisher statement
This is an electronic version of an article published in Biofouling.
Citation Information
Christina Darkangelo Wood, Kathryn Truby, Judith Stein, Deborah Wiebe, et al.. "Temporal and Spatial Variations in Macrofouling of Silicone Fouling-Release Coatings" Biofouling Vol. 16 Iss. 2 (2000) p. 311 - 322
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/dwendt/19/