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Article
Job Analysis
International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation 2010. (2010)
  • R. Lysaught
  • Lynn Shaw, Dr., The University of Western Ontario
Abstract

Job analysis is a systematic and analytical process used in a number of fields to understand, describe and classify jobs. Most job analysis methodologies in rehabilitation provide detailed information concerning major tasks, environmental conditions and the physical, cognitive and emotional capacities required for the average worker to perform a job (Keyserling et al. 1991; Lysaght 1997). While the purposes of job analysis in the rehabilitation field are grounded in primary and secondary prevention of disability, rehabilitation planning and disability accommodation, the technique is applied in other fields for very different purposes. Human resource specialists analyse jobs as a basis for employee hiring, training, supervision, appraisal and/or establishing fair compensation rates (Brannick, Levine & Morgeson 2007). Governments classify jobs as a means of describing and monitoring workforce activity. Organizational psychologists rate job characteristics and demands as a means of studying and understanding issues such as job satisfaction and workplace behaviour. All of these fields contribute philosophically and methodologically to the practice of job analysis. In rehabilitation, job analysis is used for a number of practical purposes including:

Publication Date
2010
Citation Information
R. Lysaught and Lynn Shaw. "Job Analysis" International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation 2010. (2010)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/drlynn/69/