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Implications for universal design principles to vehicle design
Occupational Therapy Now (2005)
  • J. Polgar
  • Lynn Shaw, Dr., The University of Western Ontario
  • B. Vrkljan

Universal Design PrinciplesBriefly, the seven principles of universal design include:Equitable Use: The design allows equitable access for individ-uals with varying capacities in a way that does not create stigma.Flexibility in Use: Access can be achieved in a variety of ways,e.g., with the right or left hand, while still retaining accuracy andcontrol.Simple and Intuitive to Use: Operation of the device can becompleted easily without unnecessary steps. A device’s use isobvious in its design.Perceptible Information: Information is provided in a man-ner that can be perceived by users of different abilities. Thedevice will support the use of alternate strategies or devices thataid perception.Tolerance for Error: Sufficient safeguards are built into thedevice such that unintentional actions do not result in dangerousconsequences.Low Physical Effort: Design takes into consideration repeti-tion of movements, body posture and position, and forcerequired for effective use such that these elements do not exceedthe capacity of a range of individuals.Size and Space for Approach and Use: The area around or inwhich the device is to be used is sufficient to allow clear sightlinesand comfortable reach and accommodate the use of assistivetechnology.

Publication Date
Citation Information
J. Polgar, Lynn Shaw and B. Vrkljan. "Implications for universal design principles to vehicle design" Occupational Therapy Now Vol. 7 Iss. 5 (2005)
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