Atomic force microscopy of DNA-colloidal gold and DNA-protein complexesSPIE Proceedings
Document TypeConference Proceeding
Publication VersionPublished Version
Conference TitleAdvances in DNA Sequencing Technology
Conference DateJanuary 17, 1993
AbstractThe atomic force microscope (AFM)1 is capable of imaging and manipulating nucleic acids in solution and in air29' 13 We are developing methods for random and site-specific labeling of individual DNA molecules to facilitate manipulation of fragments excised in the AFM and for localization of specific DNA domains, such as protein binding sites and origins of replication. One successful method was to incorporate biotinylated nucleotides at random internal locations or specifically at the ends of linearized DNA molecules in vitro. Following complex formation with Snm diameter streptavidin-gold conjugates, chromatographic purification and passive adsorption of the complexes to mica, the biotinylated domains were easily localized in the AFM by virtue of the distinctive size and shape of the streptavidin-gold complex. In many cases unconjugated streptavidin (i.e., lacking gold) was also observed attached to the biotinylated DNA. A second approach to site-specific labeling of DNA for imaging in the AFM was to react DNA with restriction enzymes having sequence-specific binding properties. Like the unconjugated streptavidin-DNA complexes, these enzyme-DNA complexes were visible without attached colloidal gold. Efforts to image DNA labeled in vivo using bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and anti-BrdU antibodies are ongoing.
RightsCopyright 1993 Society of Photo Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.
Copyright OwnerSPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering
Citation InformationLuming Niu, Wen-Ling Shaiu, James Vesenka, Drena D. Larson, et al.. "Atomic force microscopy of DNA-colloidal gold and DNA-protein complexes" Los Angeles, CaliforniaSPIE Proceedings Vol. 1891 (1993) p. 71 - 77
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/drena-dobbs/57/
Luming Niu ; Wenling Shaiu ; James Vesenka ; Drena D. Larson ; Eric Henderson; Atomic force microscopy of DNA-colloidal gold and DNA-protein complexes. Proc. SPIE 1891 (1993); doi:10.1117/12.146706.