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Assessing tumor physiology by dynamic contrast-enhanced near-infrared spectroscopy
Proceedings of SPIE
  • Kyle Verdecchia, Western University
  • Jonathan Elliott, Western University
  • Mamadou Diop, Western University
  • Lisa Hoffman, Western University
  • Ting-Yim Lee, Western University
  • Keith St. Lawrence, Western University
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Conference Proceeding
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The purpose of this study was to develop a dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) technique to characterize tumor physiology. Dynamic data were acquired using two contrast agents of different molecular weights, indocyanine green (ICG) and IRDye 800CW carboxylate (IRDcxb). The DCE curves were analyzed using a kinetic model capable of extracting estimates of tumor blood flow (F), capillary transit time (t(c)) and the amount of dye that leaked into the extravascular space (EVS) - characterized by the extraction fraction (E). Data were acquired from five nude rats with tumor xenografts (>10mm) implanted in the neck. Four DCE-NIR datasets (two from each contrast agent) were acquired for each rat. The dye concentration curve in arterial blood, which is required to quantify the model parameters, was measured non-invasively by dye densitometry. A modification to the kinetic model to characterize t(c) as a distribution of possible values, rather than finite, improved the fit of acquired tumor concentration curves, resulting in more reliable estimates. This modified kinetic model identified a difference between the extracted fraction of IRDcxb, 15 +/- 6 %, and ICG, 1.6 +/- 0.6 %, in the tumor, which can be explained by the difference in molecular weight: 67 kDa for ICG since it binds to albumin and 1.17 kDa for IRD. This study demonstrates the ability of DCE-NIRS to quantify tumor physiology. The next step is to adapt this approach with a dual-receptor approach.

Citation Information
Kyle Verdecchia, Jonathan Elliott, Mamadou Diop, Lisa Hoffman, et al.. "Assessing tumor physiology by dynamic contrast-enhanced near-infrared spectroscopy" Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 8578 (2013)
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