Coconut cream protein (CCP) fractions were isolated from coconuts using two different isolation procedures: isoelectric precipitation (CCP1-fraction) and freeze–thaw treatment (CCP2-fraction). The ability of these protein fractions to form and stabilize oil-in-water emulsions was compared with that of whey protein isolate (WPI). Protein solubility was a minimum at ∼pH 4, 4.5 and 5 for CCP1, CCP2, and WPI, respectively, and decreased with increasing salt concentration (0–200 mM NaCl) for the coconut proteins. All of the proteins studied were surface active, but WPI was more surface active than the two coconut cream proteins. The two coconut cream proteins were used to prepare 10 wt% corn oil-in-water emulsions (pH 6.2, 5 mM phosphate buffer). CCP2 emulsions had smaller mean droplet diameters (d32 ≈ 2 μm) than CCP1 emulsions (d32 ≈ 5 μm). Corn oil-in-water emulsions (10 wt%) stabilized by 0.2 wt% CCP2 and WPI were prepared with different pH values (3–8), salt concentrations (0–500 mM NaCl) and thermal treatments (50–90 °C for 30 min). Considerable droplet flocculation occurred in the emulsions near the isoelectric point of the proteins: CCP2 (pH ∼ 4.3); WPI (pH ∼ 4.8). Emulsions with monomodal particle size distributions, small mean droplet diameters, and good creaming stability could be produced at pH 7 for WPI, but CCP2 produced bimodal distributions at this pH. The CCP2 and WPI emulsions remained relatively stable to droplet aggregation and creaming at NaCl concentrations ⩽50 and ⩽100 mM, respectively. In the absence of salt, both CCP2 and WPI emulsions were quite stable to thermal treatments (50–90 °C for 30 min).
- oil-in-water emulsion,
- coconut protein,
- coconut cream protein,
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