The Lisbon Treaty could not meet the demands of many as regards the issue of the EU’s legitimacy and democratic governance. By analyzing the literature on the legitimacy of the EU, the article shows why the EU has to fulfill the legitimacy criteria of the liberal-democratic states by defining the EU as a multi-level governance polity which affects the legitimacy of the member-states. This view discards the arguments for assessing the legitimacy of the EU as of an international organization. Likewise, it rejects the views arguing that the EU is a regulatory state and its legitimacy should be assessed in terms of regulatory legitimacy. A conceptual framework is provided at the end of this article to initiate an empirical research design to measure and subsequently perhaps to increase the legitimacy of the EU.
- Democratic Deficit,
- European Union Politics
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/direnc_kanol/4/